JavaScript常见的手写功能_亿码酷站_编程开发技术教程

JavaScript常见的手写功能_亿码酷站_编程开发技术教程

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JavaScript常见的手写功能_亿码酷站_编程开发技术教程插图

1. 防抖

function debounce(func, ms = 500) {  let timer;  return function (...args) {    if (timer) {
      clearTimeout(timer);
    }
    timer = setTimeout(() => {
      func.apply(this, args);
    }, ms);
  };
}复制代码

2. 节流

function throttle(func, ms) {  let canRun = true;  return function (...args) {    if (!canRun) return;
    canRun = false;
    setTimeout(() => {
      func.apply(this, args);
      canRun = true;
    }, ms);
  };
}复制代码

3. new

function myNew(Func) {  const instance = {};  if (Func.prototype) {    Object.setPrototypeOf(instance, Func.prototype);
  }  const res = Func.apply(instance, [].slice.call(arguments, 1));  if (typeof res === "function" || (typeof res === "object" && res !== null)) {    return res;
  }  return instance;
}复制代码

4. bind

Function.prototype.myBind = function (context = globalThis) {  const fn = this;  const args = Array.from(arguments).slice(1);  const newFunc = function () {    if (this instanceof newFunc) {      // 通过 new 调用,绑定 this 为实例对象
      fn.apply(this, args);
    } else {      // 通过普通函数形式调用,绑定 context
      fn.apply(context, args);
    }
  };  // 支持 new 调用方式
  newFunc.prototype = fn.prototype;  return newFunc;
};复制代码

5. call

Function.prototype.myCall = function (context = globalThis) {  // 关键步骤,在 context 上调用方法,触发 this 绑定为 context
  context.fn = this;  let args = [].slice.call(arguments, 1);  let res = context.fn(...args);  delete context.fn;  return res;
};复制代码

6. apply

Function.prototype.myApply = function (context = globalThis) {  // 关键步骤,在 context 上调用方法,触发 this 绑定为 context
  context.fn = this;  let res;  if (arguments[1]) {
    res = context.fn(...arguments[1]);
  } else {
    res = context.fn();
  }  delete context.fn;  return res;
};复制代码

7. deepCopy

function deepCopy(obj, cache = new WeakMap()) {  if (!obj instanceof Object) return obj;  // 防止循环引用
  if (cache.get(obj)) return cache.get(obj);  // 支持函数
  if (obj instanceof Function) {    return function () {
      obj.apply(this, arguments);
    };
  }  // 支持日期
  if (obj instanceof Date) return new Date(obj);  // 支持正则对象
  if (obj instanceof RegExp) return new RegExp(obj.source, obj.flags);  // 还可以增加其他对象,比如:Map, Set等,根据情况判断增加即可,面试点到为止就可以了

  // 数组是 key 为数字素银的特殊对象
  const res = Array.isArray(obj) ? [] : {};  // 缓存 copy 的对象,用于出来循环引用的情况
  cache.set(obj, res);  Object.keys(obj).forEach((key) => {    if (obj[key] instanceof Object) {
      res[key] = deepCopy(obj[key], cache);
    } else {
      res[key] = obj[key];
    }
  });  return res;
}复制代码

8. 事件总线 | 发布订阅模式

class EventEmitter {  constructor() {    this.cache = {};
  }

  on(name, fn) {    if (this.cache[name]) {      this.cache[name].push(fn);
    } else {      this.cache[name] = [fn];
    }
  }

  off(name, fn) {    const tasks = this.cache[name];    if (tasks) {      const index = tasks.findIndex((f) => f === fn || f.callback === fn);      if (index >= 0) {
        tasks.splice(index, 1);
      }
    }
  }

  emit(name) {    if (this.cache[name]) {      for (let fn of this.cache[name]) {
        fn();
      }
    }
  }


  emit(name, once = false) {    if (this.cache[name]) {      // 创建事件副本,如果回调函数内继续注册相同事件,触发时,会造成死循环
      const tasks = this.cache[name].slice()      for (let fn of tasks) {
        fn();
      }      if (once) {        delete this.cache[name]
      }
    }
  }
}复制代码

9. 柯里化:只传递给函数一部分参数来调用它,让它返回一个函数去处理剩下的参数

function curry(func) {  return function curried(...args) {    if (args.length >= func.length) {
      func.apply(this, args);
    } else {      return function (...args2) {
        curried.apply(this, args.concat(args2));
      };
    }
  };
}复制代码

10. es5 实现继承

function create(proto) {  function F() {}
  F.prototype = proto;  return new F();
}// Parentfunction Parent(name) {  this.name = name;
}

Parent.prototype.say = function () {  console.log(this.name);
};// Childfunction Child(age, name) {
  Parent.call(this, name);  this.age = age;
}
Child.prototype = create(Parent.prototype);
Child.prototype.constructor = Child;

Child.prototype.say = function () {  console.log(this.age);
};复制代码

11. instanceof

function instanceOf(instance, klass) {  let proto = instance.__proto__;  let prototype = klass.prototype;  while (true) {    if (proto === null) return false;    if (proto === prototype) return true;
    proto = proto.__proto__;
  }
}复制代码

12. 异步并发数限制

/**
 * 关键点说明
 * 1. new promise 一经创建,立即执行
 * 2. 使用 Promise.resolve().then 可以把任务加到微任务队列,防止立即执行迭代方法
 * 3. 微任务处理过程中,产生的新的微任务,会在同一事件循环内,追加到微任务队列里
 * 4. 使用 race 在某个任务完成时,继续添加任务,保持任务按照最大并发数进行执行
 * 5. 任务完成后,需要从 doingTasks 中移出
 */function limit(count, array, iterateFunc) {  const tasks = [];  const doingTasks = [];  let i = 0;  const enqueue = () => {    if (i === array.length) {      return Promise.resolve();
    }    const task = Promise.resolve().then(() => iterateFunc(array[i++]));
    tasks.push(task);    const doing = task.then(() => doingTasks.splice(doingTasks.indexOf(doing), 1));
    doingTasks.push(doing);    const res = doingTasks.length >= count ? Promise.race(doingTasks) : Promise.resolve();    return res.then(enqueue);
  };  return enqueue().then(() => Promise.all(tasks));
}// testconst timeout = i => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(() => resolve(i), i));
limit(4, [1000, 1000, 1000, 1000], timeout).then((res) => {  console.log(res);
})复制代码

13. 异步串行 | 异步并行

// 大厂面试题,实现一个异步加法function asyncAdd(a, b, callback) {
  setTimeout(function () {
    callback(null, a + b);
  }, 1000);
}// 0. promisifyconst promiseAdd = (a, b) => new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
  asyncAdd(a, b, (err, res) => {    if (err) {
      reject(err)
    } else {
      resolve(res)
    }
  })
})// 1. 串行处理async function serialSum(...args) {  return args.reduce((task, now) => task.then(res => promiseAdd(res, now)), Promise.resolve(0))
}// 2. 并行处理async function parallelSum(...args) {  if (args.length === 1) return args[0]  const tasks = []  for (let i = 0; i < args.length; i += 2) {
    tasks.push(promiseAdd(args[i], args[i + 1] || 0))
  }  const results = await Promise.all(tasks)  return parallelSum(...results)
}// 测试(async () => {  const res1 = await serialSum(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12)  console.log(res1)  const res2 = await parallelSum(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12)  console.log(res2)
})()复制代码

14. vue reactive

// Dep moduleclass Dep {  static stack = []  static target = null
  deps = null
  
  constructor() {    this.deps = new Set()
  }

  depend() {    if (Dep.target) {      this.deps.add(Dep.target)
    }
  }

  notify() {    this.deps.forEach(w => w.update())
  }  static pushTarget(t) {    if (this.target) {      this.stack.push(this.target)
    }    this.target = t
  }  static popTarget() {    this.target = this.stack.pop()
  }
}// reactivefunction reactive(o) {  if (o && typeof o === 'object') {    Object.keys(o).forEach(k => {
      defineReactive(o, k, o[k])
    })
  }  return o
}function defineReactive(obj, k, val) {  let dep = new Dep()  Object.defineProperty(obj, k, {
    get() {
      dep.depend()      return val
    },
    set(newVal) {
      val = newVal
      dep.notify()
    }
  })  if (isObj(val)) {
    reactive(val)
  }
}// watcherclass Watcher {  constructor(effect) {    this.effect = effect    this.update()
  }

  update() {
    Dep.pushTarget(this)    this.value = this.effect()
    Dep.popTarget()    return this.value
  }
}// 测试代码const data = reactive({  msg: 'aaa'})new Watcher(() => {  console.log('===> effect', data.msg);
})

setTimeout(() => {
  data.msg = 'hello'}, 1000)复制代码

15. promise

// 建议阅读 [Promises/A+ 标准](https://promisesaplus.com/)class MyPromise {  constructor(func) {    this.status = 'pending'
    this.value = null
    this.resolvedTasks = []    this.rejectedTasks = []    this._resolve = this._resolve.bind(this)    this._reject = this._reject.bind(this)    try {
      func(this._resolve, this._reject)
    } catch (error) {      this._reject(error)
    }
  }

  _resolve(value) {
    setTimeout(() => {      this.status = 'fulfilled'
      this.value = value      this.resolvedTasks.forEach(t => t(value))
    })
  }

  _reject(reason) {
    setTimeout(() => {      this.status = 'reject'
      this.value = reason      this.rejectedTasks.forEach(t => t(reason))
    })
  }

  then(onFulfilled, onRejected) {    return new MyPromise((resolve, reject) => {      this.resolvedTasks.push((value) => {        try {          const res = onFulfilled(value)          if (res instanceof MyPromise) {
            res.then(resolve, reject)
          } else {
            resolve(res)
          }
        } catch (error) {
          reject(error)
        }
      })      this.rejectedTasks.push((value) => {        try {          const res = onRejected(value)          if (res instanceof MyPromise) {
            res.then(resolve, reject)
          } else {
            reject(res)
          }
        } catch (error) {
          reject(error)
        }
      })
    })
  }  catch(onRejected) {    return this.then(null, onRejected);
  }
}// 测试new MyPromise((resolve) => {
  setTimeout(() => {
    resolve(1);
  }, 500);
})
  .then((res) => {    console.log(res);    return new MyPromise((resolve) => {
      setTimeout(() => {
        resolve(2);
      }, 500);
    });
  })
  .then((res) => {    console.log(res);
  }, err => {    console.log('==>', err);
  });复制代码

欢迎大家一起补充~

JavaScript常见的手写功能
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